Studying the Book of Romans

A Twenty-Six Lesson Workbook

By David J. Riggs

(Note: These Lessons were originally designed as one-page Lessons. The Lessons which have "Matching" and/or "True or False," will fit one page when columns are appropriately formed and the font size is reduced. For the benefit of the teacher, the answers are given at the bottom of each lesson).

LESSON ONE - Rom. 1:1-15

1. By whom and where did God promise the gospel? Cite at least one Old Testament passage that promised the gospel.

2. Which verse shows the human side of Jesus and which shows the divine?

3. What was the purpose of Paul's apostleship, as well as the other apostles?

4. What was Paul's request to God?

5. Why did Paul desire to see the Romans?

6. To whom and in what way was Paul a debtor? In what way are we also debtors?


1_____Separated (vs. 1)

2_____Power (vs. 2)

3_____Spirit of holiness (vs. 4)

4_____Resurrection (vs. 4)

5_____Obedience (vs. 5)

6_____Peace (vs. 7)

7_____Faith (vs. 8)

8_____With my spirit (vs. 9)

9_____Without ceasing (vs. 9)

10____Spiritual gift (vs. 11)

11____Established (vs. 11)

12____Debtor (vs. 14)

13____Barbarians (vs. 14)

14____As much as is in me (vs. 15)

a. Tranquility and quietness; freedom from disturbances from outside forces, as well as from oppressive thoughts and emotions.

b. Might, strength, force; with this Jesus is declared to be the Son of God.

c. Set aside for a special purpose; in this instance it was unto the gospel of Christ.

d. "His holy spiritual nature;" indicates the Divine side of Christ.

e. That which faith produces and the purpose for which the apostleship was given.

f. Raised, a rising again; by it Jesus is declared to be the Son of God.

g. Made firm or stable; Paul wanted to see them so that he could impart some spiritual gift to this end.

h. As much as I am able; as far as my ability will carry me; to the fullest extent of my ability.

i. One who speaks a foreign language, a foreigner; the Greeks applied it all who did not speak their tongue.

j. Is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen; that which was spoken of throughout the world concerning the Christians at Rome.

k. Obligated; signifies duty and responsibility.

l. With my heart; not merely an external service; it was internal, real and sincere.

m. Continuously, always; the way Paul prayed for the Roman Christians and the way we are to pray.

n. This probably refers to miraculous gifts, but it could refer to any of the virtues resulting from Paul's ministry among them.


1_____That which God had promised in verse 2 refers back to Paul's apostleship in verse 1.

2_____The "by whom" or "through whom" in verse 5 refers back to David in verse 3.

3_____We understand from verse 5 that "faith alone" (salvation without works or obedience) was not part of the apostleship.

4_____We learn from verse 7 that all Christians are saints.

5_____Verses 1 through 7 are Paul's own introduction to the book.

6_____Paul told the Romans that he wanted to impart spiritual gifts so that they could speak in tongues and prophecy.

7_____Verse 13 shows that the Romans were Gentiles.


QUESTIONS: 1. Isa. 2:3; Mic. 4:1-3; Jer. 31:31-34; 2. Rom. 1:3 - Rom. 1:4; 3. To bring about obedience of faith; 4. If by some means by the will of God he could come to them; 5. That he might import to them some spiritual gift that they might be established; 6. Rom. 1:14-15 - To preach to the best of our ability at every opportunity.

MATCHING: 1. c; 2. b; c. d; 4. f; 5. e; 6. a; 7. j; 8. l; 9. m; 10. n; 11. g; 12. k; 13. i; 14. h.

TRUE OR FALSE: 1. False - It refers back to the gospel; 2. False - It refers back to Christ; 3. True; 4. True; 5. True; 6. False; 7. True.

LESSON TWO - Rom. 1:16-32

1. What invisible facts are revealed about God by the things He created?

2. After their steps of falling away as given in verses 21-23, what did God decide to do with them?

3. Which came first: refusing to have God in their minds, or their moral decay?

4. Since they knew the judgment of God, what punishment did they realize they were worthy of for committing such things?

5. Who are the ones under consideration in this section: Jews or Gentiles?

MATCHING (Words are from the King James Version)

1_____Gospel of Christ (vs. 16)

2_____From faith to faith (vs. 17)

3_____Godhead (vs. 20)

4_____Uncorruptible (vs. 23)

5_____Vile affections (vs. 26)

6_____Unseemly (vs. 27)

7_____Recompense (vs. 27)

8_____Reprobate mind (vs. 28)

9_____Not convenient (vs. 28)

10____Maliciousness (vs. 29)

11____Whisperers (vs. 29)

12____Implacable (vs. 31)

a. Not within reason; so much against the natural use or natural standard that it is unthinkable, shameful, distasteful.

b. The good news or glad tidings of Christ; God's power to save; where the righteousness of God is revealed.

c. Will not be reconciled where there is a quarrel; pursues with unyielding revenge; an unforgiving spirit.

d. From the gospel system of faith to faith in the hearts of individuals; this shows that the faith (the gospel) was given to produce faith in those to whom it was preached.

e. An intellect without good sense or judgment which God disapproved and rejected.

f. Those who secretly, and in a sly manner, slander others and plant suspicions of evil regarding others.

g. Not liable to decay or corruption.

h Morally base, repulsive desires; shameful, disgraceful passions.

i. Divinity; Deity; the attributes and characteristics of God.

j. A giving back in return; a requital; an equivalent or a return for something done; the penalty which was due.

k. Not fitting or proper; the writer proceeds in the remainder of the chapter to describe those things which were not fitting or proper.

l. Arises from malice; denotes evil in general and refers to the act of doing wrong rather than the desire.


1_____We understand from verses 19 and 20 that men are without excuse when they behold the things which are created and yet claim there is no God.

2_____As in verse 22, the Evolutionists and Atheists of our time seem to claim "superior wisdom"; yet, they are the ones truly void of understanding.

3_____We learn from verses 18-31 that when men begin to remove themselves from God and are not interested in retaining Him in their knowledge, they proceed toward and eventually acquire the lowest degree of moral decay and wickedness.

4_____Verse 32 shows that they not only practiced things which they knew were worthy of death but also approved of those who likewise practiced such things.

5_____Chapter 1 of Romans very strongly condemns homosexuality.


QUESTIONS: 1. His eternal power and Godhead; 2. God abandoned them to their own sinful passions which bring dishonor, corruption, and eventually death; 3. Refusing to retain God in their knowledge - Rom. 1:18; 4. Death - Rom. 1:32; 5. Mainly the Gentiles as is shown in chapters 2 and 3.

MATCHING: 1. b; 2. d; 3. i; 4. g; 5. h; 6. a; 7. j; 8. e; 9. k; 10. 1; 11; f; 12. c.

TRUE OR FALSE: 1. True; 2. True; 3. True; 4. True; 5. True.

LESSON THREE - Rom. 2:1-16

1. To what does the "such things" in verses 2 and 3 refer?

2. What in verses 6 and 7 demonstrates that salvation is not by faith only?

3. From verses 7 and 10, what will the righteous receive?

4. What happens to those who sin without law and those who sin in the law?

5. Do verses 14 and 15 offer hope of salvation apart from the law of Christ to anyone today?

6. What is the function of the conscience as given in verse 15?


1_____Inexcusable (vs. 1)

2_____Judge (vs. 1)

3_____Despise (vs. 4)

4_____Forbearance (vs. 4)

5_____Longsuffering (vs. 4)

6_____Hardness (vs. 5)

7_____Impenitent (vs. 5)

8_____Immortality (vs. 7)

9_____Tribulation and anguish (vs. 9)

10____No respect of persons (vs. 11)

11____By nature (vs. 14)

a. A holding back; denotes delay of punishment.

b. Without partiality; not judging or showing regard to men on the basis of their race, position, popularity, circumstances, etc., but on the basis of their true character and deeds.

c. Without excuse; not free from blame or guilt.

d. Insensibility of mind; no motives make an impression; a heart like a stone.

e. To show contempt and no regard for.

f. Severe suffering and affliction, and severe anxiety and distress of mind.

g. To be patient and to bear with.

h. The quality of incorruption, without decay; deathlessness, unending existence.

i. Passing severe judgment on others in the sense of condemning.

j. A mode of feeling and acting which by long habit has become nature.

k. Will not repent; without godly sorrow.


1_____Verse 3 is teaching that those who make any sort of judgment on others shall not escape the judgment of God.

2_____Verses 8 and 9 show that indignation and wrath, tribulation and anguish are what those who do not obey the truth will receive.

3_____Verse 13 shows the importance of doing the law in order to be justified.

4_____Verses 13-15 show that all Gentiles were lost because they did not have the law; in other words, they were not God's chosen people.

5_____Verses 13-15 show that even though the Gentiles did not have the law, some were justified because they did by nature the things contained in the law.

6_____Verses 14 and 15 are teaching that it was wrong for the Gentiles to be a law to themselves and to use their conscience as their guide and thus none could have been saved.

7_____The last part of verse 15 means that their thoughts accused them (if their actions were evil), and excused them (if their actions were good); in other words, they were accused or excused in accord with the knowledge they had.

8_____Verse 16 teaches that God Himself will be the judge and not Jesus Christ.


QUESTIONS: 1. The things in Rom. 1:21-32; 2. Rewarded and punished according to one's deeds; 3. Eternal life - Glory, honor, and peace; 4. Shall perish - Judged by the law; 5. No - No one is "without law" today - Matt. 28:18; Acts 17:30-31; 2 Thess. 1:7-9; 6. It bears witness (in accord with what one has been taught) - It accuses or acquits according to the knowledge one has.

MATCHING: 1. c; 2. i; 3. e; 4. g; 5. a; 6. d; 7. k; 8. h; 9. f; 10. b; 11. j.

TRUE OR FALSE: 1. False; 2. True; 3. True; 4. False - It shows the possibility of some being justified; 5. True; 6. False - Some were justified when they did by nature the things in the Law; 7. True; 8. False - God will judge by Jesus Christ.

LESSON FOUR - Rom. 2:17-29

1. What important lesson is Paul teaching the Jews in verses 21-24? How does the same principle apply for the people of God today?

2. Upon what condition could circumcision be of benefit to the Jews?

3. Upon what condition could the uncircumcision (Gentiles) receive the benefits of circumcision?

4. How could the Gentile who had neither the law nor circumcision judge or condemn the Jew who had both the letter and circumcision?

5. From verses 28 and 29 make a list of the two types of Jews.


1_____Excellent (vs. 18)

2_____Commit sacrilege (vs. 22)

3_____Circumcision (vs. 25)

4_____Righteousness of the law (vs. 26)

5_____By nature (vs. 27)

6_____The letter (vs. 27)

7_____Transgress (vs. 27)

8_____Not outwardly (vs. 28)

9_____Circumcision is that of the heart (vs. 29)

10____In the spirit (vs. 29)

11____Not in the letter (vs. 29)

a. This refers to the fundamental principles of right and wrong inherent within us; for example, a person knows that it is wrong to injure his fellow man because he himself doesn't want to be injured.

b. To cut off the foreskin. This was the rite enjoined by God upon Abraham and his male descendants as a sign of the covenant made with him; hence, the Israelites termed the Gentiles "the uncircumcision."

c. Refers to holiness and pureness of heart by the cutting off of sins and everything that is offensive to God.

d. Of more value; things that excel or surpass.

e. Literally, "to rob a temple"; used only in 2:22 where the meaning is, "You who abhor idols and their contamination, yet do you not hesitate to plunder their shrines?"

f. To go beyond set or prescribed limits; to violate.

g. In the heart, in the soul; an internal spiritual activity and not merely an external service.

h. Not in external form or appearance; not relating to external show but to the mind or inner self.

i. Not in accord with the writing; example, not according to the literal, external written law of the O.T. regarding circumcision.

j. This does not mean the requirements of the ceremonial law (example: animal sacrifice), but the moral requirements of the law (example: the ten commandments).

k. This means literally the mark of character from which syllables and words are formed; hence, it means "that which is written down." In this instance it refers to the written law of the Old Testament.


1_____Verses 17-20 show that the Gentiles were a proud people.

2_____Verses 21-24 are condemning the Jews because they did not know or teach the Law.

3_____Verse 24 shows that because the Jews who claimed to know God broke His commandments, the Gentiles blasphemed God's name and this is an important lesson for us as we live the Christian life before the people of the world.

4_____The expression "as it is written" in verse 24 does not mean that he is quoting an O.T. passage, but that his point can be well illustrated by O.T. passages.

5_____The expression "circumcision has become uncircumcision" means that their relation to the covenant of Abraham and their privileges as members of the Jewish commonwealth would be of no value and they would be considered the same as the Gentiles.

6_____Paul expected the answer "no" to his questions in verses 26 and 27.

7_____All of us should seek to be the spiritual Jew who is described in verses 28 and 29.


QUESTIONS: 1. In short, "Why don't you practice what you preach?" If we practice it, we make believers rather than blasphemers; 2. If they kept their part of the covenant - keeping the Law; 3. By keeping the righteous requirements of the Law; 4. When the Gentile followed it; whereas the Jew transgressed it; 5. Inwardly (circumcision of the heart; in the spirit, praise of God); Outwardly (circumcision in the flesh, in the letter, praise of men).

MATCHING: 1. d; 2. e; 3. b; 4. j; 5. a; 6. k; 7. f; 8. h; 9. c; 10. g; 11. i.

TRUE OR FALSE: 1. False - shows that the Jews were a proud people; 2. False - They did not practice the Law; 3. True; 4. True; 5. True; 6. False - He expected a "yes"; 7. True.

LESSON FIVE - Rom. 3:1-18

1. Paul had demonstrated that the Jews were no better than the Gentiles and in 3:1-6 he asks and answers three questions (each has two parts) that the Jews might raise. Which verses give the questions and which give the answers?

2. In the first part of verse 7, it appears that Paul is considering another objection the Jews might raise. What is that objection and what are his answers to it?

3. What is Paul showing in verses 10-18?

4. What does verse 18 teach regarding fearing God? Please list other passages from the New Testament which teach us to fear God.


1_____Were committed (vs. 2)

2_____Oracles (vs. 2)

3_____Without effect (vs. 3)

4_____Justified (vs. 4)

5_____Commend (vs. 5)

6_____Vengeance (vs. 5)

7_____My lie (vs. 7)

8_____Slanderously reported (vs. 8)

9_____Unprofitable (vs. 12)

10____Open sepulcher (vs. 13)

11____Deceit (vs. 13)

12____Asps (vs. 13)

13____Bitterness (vs. 14)

14____Destruction and misery (vs. 16)

a. Wrath, anger, indignation; wrath exhibited in punishment; hence, used for the punishment itself.

b. To show, prove, establish, demonstrate, exhibit; to serve as a commendation or demonstration of something.

c. Were entrusted; the word implies confidence in them on the part of God in entrusting His oracles to them.

d. His untruth or falsehood; this probably refers to the Jew's falsehood as Paul puts himself in the Jew's position and raises their objections. It possibly refers to sin in general or to what the Jews considered as his untruth.

e. This word refers to that which was spoken by God; hence, the Scriptures.

f. Literally, "bitter plant" or "bitter fruit"; hence, denotes cruelty, harshness, hatefulness; harshly reproachful, sharp, and resentful.

g. With no result, purpose or accomplishment.

h. To show, pronounce, or exhibit one to be just or righteous, such as he wants and ought to be.

i. A place of burial, tomb; as the grave is ever open to receive all into it; that is, into destruction, so the mouth or the throat of the slanderer is ever open to swallow up the peace and happiness of all.

j. Of no value, become corrupt and useless.

k. They were falsely accused and spoken against in a reproachful manner; false charges and misrepresentations were spread against them in an effort to defame and damage their reputation.

l. Calamity and ruin, suffering and affliction; they destroy and ruin the property, reputation, peace and happiness of others.

m. The act or practice of deceiving; to delude, beguile, deceive.

n. The adder; a small species of serpent which is deadly poisonous.

Please Consider the Following Outline of Verses 1-8:

Putting himself in the Jew's position - the Jews would argue:

1. No advantage of being a Jew. Vs. 1

a. Were entrusted with oracles of God. Vs. 2

2. Unbelief would make the faith of God without effect. Vs. 3

a. God is always just, man is not. Vs. 4

3. God would be unrighteous to inflict wrath. Vs. 5

a. How would God judge the world? Vs. 6

4. The truth of God through my lie has increased His glory. Vs. 7a

a. Why am I judged as a sinner? Vs. 7b

b. Why not do as we have been slanderously reported? Vs. 8


QUESTIONS: 1. Questions: 1,3,5; answers: 2,4,6; 2. See No. 4 below in the outline of verses 1-8; 3. He shows the Jews from their own Scriptures that they are guilty before God; 4. They do not fear God - Luke 1:50; 12:4-5; 1 Pet. 1:17; 2:17; Heb. 12:18.

MATCHING: 1. c; 2. e; 3. f; 4. g; 5. b; 6. a; 7. d; 8. j. 9. i; 10. h; 11. l; 12. m; 13. f; 14. k.

LESSON SIX - Rom. 3:19-31

1. What did Paul say in verse 19 which showed the Jews that the O.T. quotations had direct reference to their guilt?

2. Could anyone be justified by the law?

3. What is that righteousness of God which is revealed apart from the law?

4. According to verses 24-26, how is one justified?

5. Verse 26 shows that the justice of God is demonstrated through redemption in Christ. Thought question: How does it demonstrate God to be just?

6. All boasting is excluded by what kind of law?


1_____Guilty before God (vs. 19)

2_____Justified (vs. 20, 24)

3_____Being witnessed (vs. 21)

4_____Redemption (vs. 24)

5_____Propitiation (vs. 25)

6_____To demonstrate His righteousness (vs. 25)

7_____Forbearance (vs. 25)

8_____Boasting (vs. 27)

9_____Excluded (vs. 27)

10____Made void (vs. 31)

11____God forbid (vs. 31)

12____Establish (vs. 31)

a. Appeased or made favorable to God. God set forth Christ to be this that man might be made favorable to God.

b. Subject or accountable to the judgment of God. One of whom the charge or indictment is found true and therefore is subject to punishment.

c. Made vain, empty, useless or of no effect.

d. Borne testimony or evidence; serving as evidence or proof.

e. Released from the guilt of sin and treated as righteous.

f. To make firm or stable. Faith makes firm the importance and usefulness of the O.T. law; faith makes all law more stable because it produces an understanding of its importance and produces the need for obedience to it.

g. To show or manifest his plan of justifying sinners. His plan or method by which men may become just is brought to light in Christ.

h. Speaking or asserting with excessive pride; to speak or act proudly.

i The act of redeeming, buying back; denotes liberation or freedom from guilt of sin because the ransom price has been paid.

j. Patience and longsuffering. It was through the longsuffering of God that the faithful of the O.T. age received remission of sins.

k. Not allowed; barred or stopped from participation, consideration, or inclusion.

l."Emphatically no," "Certainly not." God absolutely does not teach, allow, or condone it, so let it not by any means be supposed or accepted.


1_____The purpose of the law was to convict men of sin in order that they might be saved by it.

2_____The "righteousness of God apart from the law" in verse 21 is referring to that law in 2:15 which the Gentiles had written in their hearts.

3_____The justice of God was not demonstrated in the giving of His Son, but rather the mercy of God.

4_____We learn from verse 27 that men can boast because they are under a law of faith.

5_____Verse 30 teaches that both Jew and Gentile are justified by faith alone.


QUESTIONS: 1. "Whatever the law says, it says to those who are under the law"; 2. No - vs. 20; 3. "Faith in Jesus Christ" - vs. 20; 4. "By His grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus" - vs. 24; 5. The price for sin has been paid (by Christ) and the sinner is justified; 6. "The law of faith" - vs. 27.

MATCHING: 1. b; 2. f; 3. d; 4. j; 5. a; 6. h; 7. k; 8. i; 9. l; 10. c; 11. m; 12. g.

TRUE OR FALSE: 1. False; 2. False - It is referring to the gospel system; 3. False - both the justice and mercy of God are demonstrated; 4. False - the opposite is true; 5. False.

LESSON SEVEN - Rom. 4:1-15

1. In verses 2-5 is Paul speaking of "perfect works" (doing all of God's works perfectly) or is he referring to "God's works" (doing what God commanded, but not perfectly)?

2. When one does not work perfectly, what is it that he has which is counted for righteousness?

3. What did David say of those to whom God imputes righteousness without works?

4. Was righteousness reckoned to Abraham before or after he was circumcised?

5. Circumcision was a seal of what?

6. From verses 11 and 12, Abraham is the father of whom?

7. Through what was the promise to Abraham made?


1_____In the first part of chapter 4, Paul is addressing the Jews who would be thinking that Abraham had earned his justification.

2_____In verses 2-4, Paul is showing that one is not justified by works which God commanded.

3_____In verses 2-4, Paul is showing that one is not justified by human meritorious works.

4_____The idea in verse 5 is: "But to him who does not work (does not work at all), but believes on Him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is accounted for righteousness.

5_____The idea in verse 5 is: "But to him who does not work (does not work perfectly), but believes on Him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is accounted for righteousness.

6_____The blessedness "without works" which David describes (verses 6-8) refers to when a man is forgiven even though his works are not perfect and thus shows the blessing of being justified by faith.

7_____The blessedness "without works" which David described (verses 6-8) refers to when a man is forgiven even though he does not do any works and thus shows that a man is not required to do anything God commanded in order to be justified by faith.

8_____Verse 9 asks a question to which we should answer: "Upon the Gentiles also."

9_____Verse 11 shows that Abraham is not the father of all who believe, but of the Jews.

10____Verses 11 and 12 are one sentence and show that Abraham received the sign of circumcision that he might be: (1) the father of all who believe; (2) the father of all who walk in the steps of his faith.

11____Abraham's faith was counted or imputed to him for righteousness and the last part of verse 11 shows that our faith can do the same for us.

12____The expression "...walk in the steps of the faith..." teaches the importance of works and shows that the works which God ordained can never be excluded.

13____The promise that Abraham should be heir of the world was through the law; in other words, it came through the law of Moses because it was made and written in the Law of Moses.

14____Verse 14 shows that the law made it possible for men to be heirs which means they could be heirs of the world with faithful Abraham.

15____Verse 14 shows that if the law made it possible for men to be heirs, faith is made void (is made useless, invalid) and the promise is of no effect (is of no purpose, of no consequence).

16____The expression "the law brings about wrath" in verse 15 is referring to those who were not under the O.T. law; those under it had peace.

17____The expression "the law brings about wrath" in verses 15 is referring to the fact that none could perfectly obey the law; therefore, it made all subject to the wrath of God.


QUESTIONS: 1. "Perfect works"; 2. His faith; 3. Blessed is the man whose sins are forgiven; 4. "Before" - vs. 11; 5. "The righteousness of faith" - vs. 11; 6. "Of all those who believe" - vs. 11, of those "who walk in the steps of the faith which our father Abraham had" - vs. 12; 7. Through the righteousness of faith - vs. 13.

TRUE OR FALSE: 1. True; 2. False; 3. True; 4. False; 5. True; 6. True; 7. False; 8. True; 9. False; 10. True; 11. True; 12. True; 13. False; 14. False; 15. True; 16. False; 17. True.

LESSON EIGHT - Rom. 4:16-5:7

1. From verse 16, why is justification "of faith"?

2. When Abraham considered his old age and the deadness of Sarah's womb, what effect did it have on his faith?

3. For whose sake was all this written and on what condition is faith imputed to us for righteousness?

4. For what was Jesus delivered up, and for what was he raised?

5. From verses 1 and 2, what benefits do Christians receive as the result of justification by faith?

6. From verses 3 and 4, name some things which are the outgrowth of tribulations.


1_____Quickeneth (vs. 17)

2_____Staggered not (vs. 20)

3_____Fully persuaded (vs. 21)

4_____Delivered (vs. 25)

5_____Offences (vs. 25)

6_____Justification (vs. 25)

7_____Access (vs. 2)

8_____Tribulations (vs. 3)

9_____Patience (vs. 3)

10____Experience (vs. 4)

a. Acts of stumbling; sins.

b. All kinds of trials and afflictions which Christians are called on to endure.

c. Handed over; includes the death of Christ.

d. Translated "character" in the NKJV; it can refer to direct participation in the trying process, or the result of such a process-the being approved or accepted as the effect of the trying process.

e. Make alive, to endue with life.

f. Thoroughly and entirely convinced.

g. The ability to enter, approach, communicate with, or to pass to and from; by Jesus Christ the way is opened for us to obtain the favor of God.

h. Suffers evils and trials without murmuring or complaint.

i. Not moved or easily shaken; steadily and firmly.

j. Acceptance with God; pardoned and treated as righteous.


1_____We are justified by grace.

2_____We are justified by grace apart from the demonstration or evidence of that grace--the blood of Christ.

3_____We are justified by faith.

4_____We are justified by faith apart from the demonstration or evidence of that faith--obedience to God.

5_____We are justified by works.

6_____We are justified by works of men--by any good works that men might devise.

7_____We are justified by works of merit--by our works alone we have earned justification and God owes it to us.

8_____We are justified by works--by doing the works which God ordained.

9_____The Christian is justified both by doing the works of God and by the grace of God because when he sins and fails to do the works perfectly, upon repenting, he is forgiven through God's grace.

10____If one fails to obey the gospel (faith, repentance, confession, baptism) he will be saved by grace.

11____We are saved by faith without works or obedience.

12____Faith is made perfect through works or obedience.

13____We are justified by faith but not by a dead faith.

14____A faith that will not work or obey is a dead faith.

15____God's grace was demonstrated by the giving of His Son and our faith is demonstrated by obedience to God.

16____We are justified by the grace of God, by having faith, and by doing the works of God.


QUESTIONS: 1. "That it might be according to grace"; 2. None; 3. "Also for us" - "who believe in Him who raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead"; 4. "For our offences" - "for our justifications"; 5. Peace, access by faith, rejoicing; 6. Patience, character, hope.

MATCHING: 1. e; 2. i; 3. f; 4. c; 5. a; 6. j; 7. g; 8. b; 9. h; 10. d.

TRUE OR FALSE: 1. True; 2. False; 3. True; 4. False; 5. True; 6. False; 7. False; 8. True; 9. True; 10; False; 11. False; 12. True; 13. True; 14. True; 15. True; 16. True.

LESSON NINE - Rom. 5:8-21

1. How did God commend His love toward us?

2. What is Paul teaching by the expression "much more" in verses 9 and 10?

3. Why did death pass to all men?

4. Do we understand from verse 13 that there was or was not law (law of any kind) in the world before the law of Moses came?

5. Paul affirms that death reigned even over those that had not sinned after the similitude (likeness) of Adam's transgression. How did their sin differ from Adam's?

6. Paul shows that the free gift is not like the offense (trespass). From verses 15-21 arrange a comparison showing how they differ. (Use the back of this page or a separate sheet of paper).

7. Some affirm that verses 12-21 teach that as the result of Adam's sin, all are born into the world with sin (Calvinistic doctrine of Hereditary Total Depravity; Catholic doctrine of Original Sin). How would you answer this?


QUESTIONS: 1. "In that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us" - vs. 8; 2. An argument stating the more difficult to prove the less difficult. Since we have now been justified (declared "not guilty" before God) by the death of Christ, how much more shall we be delivered from the wrath to come by remaining in Him. Also, in verse 10, the argument is made from the more difficult (the reconciliation of His enemies by the death of Christ), to prove the less difficult (eternal life for those reconciled); 3. "Because all sinned" - God declared death upon the human race, not only because of Adam's sin, but because of all sin; 4. There was law; sin is not imputed where there is no law; 5. Adam violated a positive law, others a moral law; Adam's sin carried immediate consequences; 6. See Chart on these verses in "Bible Class Notes"; 7. See conclusion to chapter 5 in "Bible Class Notes."

LESSON TEN - Rom. 6:1-18

1. What should be the Christian's relation to sin?

2. From verse 3, what does it mean to be baptized into His death?

3. Does newness of life come before or after the death and burial? Does it come before or after baptism?

4. Regarding verse 10, please list other passages which show that Christ died to sin once for all.

5. Since Christ died to sin and now lives to God, how should we likewise reckon ourselves?

6. From verse 16, how may we determine whose servants we are?


1_____Paul's question in verse 1 prevents anyone from drawing the wrong conclusion from what was said in verse 20 of chapter 5.

2_____Paul's answer in verse 2 teaches that it is impossible for a Christian to live in sin any longer, and therefore could never loose eternal life.

3_____Paul's answer in verse 2 teaches that it is wrong for those who have died to sin to live any longer in it.

4_____In verse 3 Paul takes for granted that they knew they had been baptized into Christ, but is asking if they knew that they had also been baptized into His death.

5_____To be baptized into His death probably in context simply means to be baptized in the likeness of His death.

6_____Verse 4 teaches that baptism symbolizes that one already has the new life, in other words, when one believes and accepts Christ as His personal Savior, he has the new life and is baptized to show that already has it.

7_____Verse 4 shows plainly that one does not have the new life until he is raised up from baptism.

8_____The expression "we shall be" in verse 5 refers to the past and thus refers to the resurrection or new life after baptism and does not refer to the future resurrection.

9_____The expression "we shall be" in verse 5 clearly refers to the future resurrection.

10____The things of verse 6 took place when we were planted together in the likeness of his death in baptism.

11____Verse 7 teaches that he who is dead is not justified (freed, cleared) from sin.

12____Paul's statement "death no longer has dominion over Him" is of importance to all Christians because they believe they also will live with Him.

13____The expression "He died to sin once" means that He died to sin in the same sense that we die to sin.

14____Verse 11 teaches that we are to be both dead and alive.

15____A person who has a sinful habit that he has not overcome is disobeying the will of God as given in verse 12.

16____The word "members" in verse 13 refers to members of the church.

17____Paul makes a contrast in verse 13 and shows that one is to yield himself not to sin but to God.

18____Verse 14 means that we are not under law (a system which is primarily of law), but under grace (a system primarily of grace).

19____Verses 17 and 18 show that one is set free from sin when he obeys from the heart.

20____The expression "form of doctrine" (vs. 17) refers back to the likeness of the death, burial and resurrection in baptism; in other words, baptism is a type or mode of those things, and must be obeyed from the heart.


QUESTIONS: 1. Dead to sin - should not live any longer in it; 2. Either in the likeness of His death, or into the benefits of His death, or both; 3. After - After (or "at the point of"); 4. Heb. 7:27; 9:28; 10:10; 5. "Dead indeed to sin, but alive to God" (vs. 11); 6. By the one we obey.

TRUE OR FALSE: 1. True; 2. False; 3. True; 4. True; 5. True; 6. False; 7. True; 8. False; 9. True; 10. True; 11. False - the word "not" makes it false; 12. True- If death had dominion over Him, it would be a much different story; 13. False - He "died to sin" to bring about deliverance to sin; He was offered for sin once for all; 14. True - dead to sin and alive to God; 15. True; 16. False - It refers to the members of the body; 17. True; 18. True; 19. True; 20. True.

LESSON ELEVEN - Rom. 6:19-7:6

1. To what had the Romans yielded their members? To what should they yield their members now?

2. The shameful fruits of sin end in what, and the fruits of righteousness end in what?

3. What is the purpose of Paul's marriage illustration?

4. Under what condition is a woman called an adulteress?

5. For what two purposes did Christ make us dead to the law?

6. What period is referred to in the expression, "when we were in the flesh"?

7. In verse 6, what does it mean to serve in newness of the spirit and not in the oldness of the letter?


1_____Infirmity of your flesh (vs. 19

2_____Uncleanness (vs. 19)

3_____Iniquity unto iniquity (vs. 19)

4_____Holiness (vs. 19)

5_____Free from righteousness (vs. 20)

6_____Ashamed (vs. 21)

7_____Fruit unto holiness (vs. 22)

8_____Wages (vs. 23)

9_____Gift (vs. 23)

10____Dominion over (vs. 1)

11____Bound (vs. 2)

12____Called (vs. 3)

13____Adulteress (vs. 3)

14____Motions (vs. 5)

15____Being dead (vs. 6)

a. To be lord of, to rule over; to exercise influence upon, to have power over.

b. Impurity of life; degraded and impure passions such as were common among the heathen.

c. This expression means weakness, feebleness with regard to the physical makeup of man including his intellect and understanding. He used an illustration (master and slave) drawn from the common affairs of men because of their weakness to understand.

d. A woman who has sexual intercourse with someone other than her lawful spouse.

e. Lawlessness leading to more lawlessness. Their transgression of law had lead to more and more transgression.

f. To bind, tie, fasten; example, to be bound to one such as to a wife or husband.

g. To announce authoritatively, to proclaim, reveal, warn. This is an unusual word in the N.T.; it is used nine times and appears from its other uses to refer to "divinely" proclaim, warn, speak (Matt. 2:12,22; Luke 2:26; Acts 10:22; 11:26; Heb. 8:5; 11:7; 12:25).

h. The quality or state of being holy, spiritually pure; set apart to the service to God.

i. The reward or pay that one earns; the final reward for service to sin is eternal death.

j. This expression means that in their former state they were away from righteousness and were not at all under its influence. The implication is that the situation should now be reversed.

k. Literally, "to put to death;" figuratively, to cause an end, to destroy, to make extinct.

l. Feeling shame, guilt or disgrace.

m. Refers to an inward state of afflictions, sufferings, passions; here it refers to the inward turmoil brought about by sins.

n. Literally, "Grace gift." Sometimes translated, "free gift." The divine grace by which the pardon of sin and eternal salvation is given to sinners through the merits of Jesus Christ laid hold of by faith and obedience.

o. This expression shows that the result of being made free from sin and becoming servants of God is sanctification in this life.


QUESTIONS: 1. As slaves of uncleanness and lawlessness leading to more lawlessness - slaves of righteousness for holiness; 2. Death - everlasting life; 3. To show that they had been discharged from the Law; 4. If while her husband lives, she is married to another man; 5. That we should be married to another - that we should bear fruit to God; 6. When we were under the Law; 7. In the new way of the Spirit and not in the old way of the Law.

MATCHING: 1. c; 2. b; 3. e; 4. h; 5. j; 6. l; 7. o; 8. i; 9. n; 10. a; 11. f; 12. g; 13. d; 14. m; 15. k.

LESSON TWELVE - Rom. 7:7-25

1. What was known through the law?

2. How was Paul affected by a knowledge of the commandment?

3. What actually caused Paul to die: the law or sin?

4. Do verses 14-23 refer to Paul's experience as a Christian or to his experience under the O.T. law?

5. From verse 16, how does one demonstrate that the law is good?

6. What is Paul's conclusion from his statements made in 14-16?

7. Does Paul's statement in verses 17 and 20 mean that a sinner is not responsible for his conduct?

8. What is Paul's conclusion from his statements made in verses 18-20?

9. Make a list of the various laws which are mentioned in verses 21-23.

10. How was Paul delivered out of the conflict?

11. Calvinists understand vs. 25 to refer to the condition of the Christian. In their estimation the mind of the redeemed serves God, but the flesh serves the law of sin. They teach that the body will perish at the end, but the spirit will be saved since it has not sinned. How would you answer this?


QUESTIONS: 1. Sin; 2. Spiritual death; 3. Sin; 4. O.T. Law as seen from verses 24-25a; 5. The Law demanded a decent, upright life. He wished to live it and so agreed that the Law was good; 6. It was the dwelling of sin in him that caused it; 7. No. This is not his condition as a Christian; 8. He found that when he would do good, evil was present with him; 9. Verse 21 - "a law" - (the O.T. Law); verse 22 - "the law" - (the O.T. Law); verse 23 - "another of the mind" (the law addressed to the mind); "the law of sin" (the rule of sin in his members); 10. Verses 24-25; 11. Verse 25 - Again, this refers to his condition under the Law. There is no such thing as the body sinning without the spirit being guilty.

LESSON THIRTEEN - Romans 8:1-17

1. To whom is there no condemnation?

2. What makes us free from the law of sin and death?

3. Explain what it means to have a "carnal mind" and state the end result for having it.

4. What does Paul say about the one who does not have the Spirit of Christ dwelling in him?

5. If the Spirit of Him that raised up Jesus dwells in us, what promise do we have regarding our bodies?

6. What will happen to those who live after the flesh, and those who through the Spirit put to death the deeds of the body?

7. With whom are the children of God joint-heirs, and what must they do to be also glorified?


1_____Condemnation (vs. 1)

2_____The law of sin and death (vs. 2)

3_____It was weak through the flesh (vs. 3)

4_____In the likeness of sinful flesh (vs. 3)

5_____And for sin (vs. 3)

6_____Might be fulfilled in us (vs. 4)

7_____Mind the things of the flesh (vs. 5)

8_____Spiritually minded (vs. 6)

9_____Is enmity against God (vs. 7)

10____Body is dead because of sin (vs. 10)

11____Quicken (vs. 11)

12____Mortal (vs. 11)

13____Debtors (vs. 12)

14____Mortify (vs. 13)

15____Spirit of bondage (vs. 15)

16____Adoption (vs. 15)

17____Abba (vs. 15)

18____Beareth witness with our spirit (vs. 16)

19____Heirs (vs. 17)

a. Make alive, endue with life.

b. This means that Christ was given as a sacrifice that the righteousness which the O.T. law sought after might be accomplished in us. They could have had it only by keeping the law perfectly, but we have it through Christ although we do not obey perfectly.

c. Obligated, owe a duty.

d. The act of declaring to be wrong; pronouncing guilty.

e. Set their minds on things of the flesh and follow them.

f. Is hostile to God and shows a hatred of God because it is opposed to His law.

g. This means that the O.T. law was feeble and without strength because it was of carnal and fleshly things rather than things of the Spirit.

h. Put to death, destroy.

i. This means that Jesus partook of and was in the same flesh through which men sin; He was in the same kind of flesh as that belonging to the rest of sinful mankind. It does not mean that He committed sin.

j. Most likely this refers to "the law of sin which is in my members" (7:23). The Law of Moses did not make him free from it, but the law of Spirit of life in Christ Jesus did.

k. Set their minds on things of the Spirit and follow them.

l. This means that Christ was given as an offering for sin or He was given as a sacrifice on account of sin.

m. Our bodies must die because of sin. The verse is showing that if Christ is in us, though our bodies must die because of sin, the life-imparting Spirit is dwelling in us because of our justification.

n. Subject or liable to death.

o. One who inherits; it shows that we shall be partakers of the inheritance which God will give to His children.

p. Refers to the way of slavery, servitude; describes their former state under the law.

q. An Aramaic word which means "father" but expresses the love and trust a child has toward his father. The Greek word "father" expresses an intelligent understanding of the relationship. The two together express the love and intelligent confidence of the child.

r. The act of taking by choice into relationship; example to voluntarily take a child as one's own.

s. The Holy Spirit has given testimony as to what one must do to become a child of God, and our spirit testifies that we have done those things; thus, the two witnesses bear witness together that we are children of God.


QUESTIONS: 1. To those who are in Christ Jesus; 2. The law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus; 3. To have material, fleshly interest and actions - death; 4. He is none of His; 5. We shall be given life by His Spirit who dwells in us; 6. They shall die - they shall live; 7. With Christ - Suffer with him, verse 17.

MATCHING: 1. d; 2. j; 3. g; 4. i; 5. l; 6. b; 7. e; 8. k; 9. f; 10. m; 11. a; 12. n; 13. c; 14. h; 15. p; 16. r; 17. q; 18. s; 19. o.

LESSON FOURTEEN - Romans 8:18-34

1. In verses 19-21, the creature is waiting for and shall be delivered from what?

2. For what does the Christian groan within himself?

3. Who intercedes for us in prayer?

4. All things work together for the good of whom?

5. Which comes first: predestination or foreknowledge? What is the end result?

6. What is Paul teaching in verses 31-34?


1_____Earnest expectation (vs. 19)

2_____Creature (vs. 19)

3_____Manifestation (vs. 19)

4_____Vanity (vs. 20)

5_____Glorious liberty (vs. 21)

6_____Travaileth (vs. 22)

7_____Firstfruits of the Spirit (vs. 23)

8_____Groan (vs. 23)

9_____Redemption of the body (vs. 23)

10____Infirmities (vs. 26)

11____Intercession (vs. 26)

12____Foreknow (vs. 29)

13____Predestinate (vs. 29)

14____Firstborn (vs. 29)

15____Called (vs. 30)

16____Elect (vs. 33)

a. To sigh and moan because of pain and grief. It refers to the deep anguish of spirit the Christian has as he waits for the mortal to be swallowed up of life.

b. This denotes a state of earnest desire to see an object and describes the intense interest with which the creature waits for the manifestation of the sons of God.

c. This refers to the wonderful and highest freedom which is enjoyed in heaven.

d. The complete recovery of the body from death and corruption; it refers to the resurrection of the body.

e. The first fruit was the first of the harvest. It promised more to come. So it is with Christians. They have received the first fruit of this with the promise of greater blessings yet to come (2 Cor. 1:22; 5:5; Eph. 1:13-14).

f. The act of making evident or certain by showing or displaying. The glory which the sons of God are to receive will be fully revealed.

g. To know before; to have previous knowledge of; to know beforehand. For one to know beforehand does not mean he causes it to occur.

h. The quality or fact of being vain, worthless, futile.

i. This word has several meanings but primarily refers to the act of creation or the product of the creative act. It either refers to: (1) "The creation" - All created things including inanimate objects. (2) "The creation" - Intelligent beings; humanity. The same as "whole creation" in verse 22. (3) "The new creation" - The spiritual creation of God; the Christian. (4) "The creature" - The physical makeup of man; the body. In this text, number two is probably more nearly correct.

j. Invited, summoned, invoked; it is done by the gospel.

k. Weaknesses; for example, lacking the necessary strength to produce results or to overcome trials and temptations.

l. Foreordain, predetermine, to destine or determine beforehand. It has special reference to that to which one is predetermined; in this instance, "to be conformed to the image of his Son."

m. This word means to be present with anyone for the purpose of aiding as an advocate does in a court of justice; hence, to intercede for anyone or to aid or assist in any manner.

n. The picked out, chosen; God does not choose at random, but chooses all who obey Him.

o. First brought forth, eldest, preeminent; the idea is that Christ might be preeminent as the model and example; it shows His position and relationship in the one great family of God.

p. Labor involving painful effort; example, such as a woman has in giving birth. It is used here metaphorically of the whole creation.


QUESTIONS: 1. The manifestation of the sons of God - From the bondage of corruption; 2. Eagerly waiting the adoption, the redemption of the body - vs. 23; 3. The Spirit - vs. 26; also, Christ - vs. 34; 4. To those who love God to those who are the called according to His purpose; 5. Foreknowledge - Glorification; 6. No one can bring any charges against Christians; e.g., unbelieving Jews.

MATCHING: 1. b; 2. i; 3. f; 4. h; 5. c; 6. p; 7. e; 8. a; 9. d; 10. k; 11. m; 12. g; 13. l; 14. o; 15. j; 16. n.

LESSON FIFTEEN - Romans 8:35­9:13

1. Do verses 35-39 refer to our love for Christ, or Christ's love for us?

2. What was bearing witness with Paul?

3. Why was there great sorrow and continual grief in Paul's heart?

4. Name eight special blessings God had bestowed upon Israel.

5. From verses 6-8, who were the true children of God?

6. Why did God choose Jacob over Esau?


1_____Tribulation (vs. 35)

2_____Peril (vs. 35)

3_____Conquerors (vs. 37)

4_____Principalities (vs. 37)

5_____Conscience (vs. 1)

6_____Heaviness (vs. 2)

7_____Accursed (vs. 3)

8_____Adoption (vs. 4)

9_____Covenants (vs. 4)

10____Promises (vs. 4)

11____None effect (vs. 6)

12____Election (vs. 11)

a. Danger of any kind.

b. Declarations that one will or will not do certain things; many were made to the Israelites, the greatest of which was the Messiah.

c. Government, rule; used of beings who exercise rule. It probably here refers to the evil angels.

d. Pressure or hardship coming from without; affliction arising from external causes.

e. The judgment of the mind which instantly approves or condemns our actions in accordance with what we have been taught.

f. Victors, winners by overcoming all obstacles and opposition.

g. Taking an orphan into one's own family; in this instance it refers to the nation of Israel being taken into the family of God and regarded as his peculiar family.

h. Producing no results, fruitless.

i. Anathema, to be rejected as a curse; Paul's heaviness and sorrow was so great that he could have wished he was anathema from Christ for his brethren, that is, if it would save them.

j. Having great weight; hard to bear, grievous; thus, having grief, sorrow.

k. Signifies "picked out, chosen"; the source of our election is by God's grace, not by our works.

l. Binding agreements.


1_____The expression, "my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Spirit" in verse 1 means his conscience in fellowship with the Holy Spirit was also testifying he was telling the truth.

2_____Verse 2 is that truth to which he was referring in verse 1.

3_____Verse 3 expresses Paul's love for the Gentile people.

4_____Verse 5 refers to Christ as God.

5_____Paul grieved for Israel as shown in verses 2-3 and verse 6 shows that it was not as though the word of God has taken no effect; in other words, he grieved for Israel, but he didn't mean to imply that the word of God had failed.

6_____The expression, "they are not all Israel who are of Israel" refers to the Gentile proselytes who were converted to the Jewish religion.

7_____The election of Jacob over Esau before they were born shows the Jews that if God in time past could choose whomsoever he desired, he could now choose Christians rather than fleshly Israel if he so desired.

8_____The source of election is by grace and not by works just as the origin of salvation is by grace and not by works.


QUESTIONS: 1. Christ's love toward us - Matt. 24:12-13; 2. His conscience in the Holy Spirit - Rom. 9:1; 3. For his lost kinsmen; 4. See Bible Class Notes; 5. "The children of promise are counted as the seed"; 6. He loved Jacob, but hated Esau - This shows the Jews that God in times past choose whomsoever He desired.

MATCHING: 1. d; 2. a; 3. f; 4. c; 5. e; 6. j; 7. i; 8. g; 9. l; 10. b; 11. h; 12. k.

TRUE OR FALSE: 1. True; 2 True; 3. False; 4. True; 5. True; 6. False; 7. True; 8. True.

LESSON SIXTEEN - Romans 9:14-33

1. Who determines where God will bestow mercy or withhold it?

2. For what purpose did God raise up Pharaoh to the throne of Egypt?

3. From verse 22, on what (or whom) will God show His wrath?

4. In verses 25 and 26, who are those who were not God's people but are now His people?

5. What did Isaiah prophesy regarding the salvation of Israel?

6. Why did the Gentiles attain unto righteousness and why were the Jews not able to do so?


1_____Mercy (vs. 15)

2_____Not of him that willeth (vs. 16)

3_____Nor of him that runneth (vs. 16)

4_____Hardeneth (vs. 18)

5_____Find fault? (vs. 19)

6_____Repliest against God (vs. 20)

7_____Potter (vs. 21)

8_____To show his wrath (vs. 22)

9_____Fitted for destruction (vs. 22)

10____Afore prepared (vs. 22)

11____Remnant (vs. 27)

12____Sabbath (vs. 29

13____Rock of offence (vs. 33)

a. To make hard or dry; illustrated by the case of Pharaoh who first persistently hardened his own heart.

b. This shows that before God made man He predetermined or foreordained that some would receive glory.

c. Made up for perdition; refers to the eternal punishment of the wicked. It does not say anything about the manner by which they so become.

d. One that makes earthen vessels, bowls, jugs, etc. out of pottery. The illustration shows that God had the right to make one to honor and another to dishonor; it does not refer to the mannerin which He does it.

e. This means that the mercy of God is not bestowed because man originally wished or desired it; God is the original fountain of it.

f. Implies compassion that forebears punishing even when justice demands it.

g. This means that origin of the mercy of God did not result from any strenuous or intense effort on the part of man, but resulted because of God's own decision to bestow it.

h. This is part of the question Paul anticipated some might raise. They were objecting by saying, "How could God blame man or bring a charge against man if man's conduct, whether good or bad, was in accordance with His overall will or purpose?"

i. A small part or trace remaining; a small surviving group.

j. Answering again or disputing with God. God has his own plans of infinite wisdom, and it is not ours to reply against Him or to charge Him with injustice when we cannot see the reason for His doings.

k. Hosts; denotes armies or militaries organized for war.

l. One of the reasons God chose to destroy sinners.

m. The stone which presented an occasion for them to stumble or fall; it means virtually the same as "stumbling stone."


1_____Verses 17 and 18 indicate that God hardened Pharaoh's heart, and Exodus 8:15,32; 9:34 shows that Pharaoh himself also had a part in the hardening of his heart.

2_____In verses 27-29 Paul is showing the Jews from their own prophets that in time past the greater part of Israel was saved and therefore the greater part of Israel could be saved now if they would obey the gospel.

3_____In verses 27-29 Paul is showing the Jews from their own prophets that in time past the greater part of Israel was rejected and therefore they should not think it was strange that the greater part were now rejected under the gospel system.

4_____The word "seed" in verse 29 refers to the few righteous individuals by which God through His mercy allowed the nation of Israel to continue.

5_____Paul is showing in verse 30 that the Gentiles which followed after righteousness did not attain to righteousness.

6_____Verse 32 shows why Israel did not attain to the law of righteousness.


QUESTIONS: 1. God Himself; 2. Vs. 17; 3. "The vessels of wrath"; 4. Gentiles; 5. Vs. 27; 6. Gentiles - "the righteousness of faith"; Jews - "the works of the Law."

MATCHING: 1. f; 2. e; 3. g; 4. a; 5. h; 6. j; 7. d; 8. l; 9. c; 10. b; 11. i; 12. k; 13. m.

TRUE OR FALSE: 1. True; 2. False; 3. True; 4. True; 5. False; 6. True.


1. What was wrong with Israel's zeal?

2. What caused them to fail to submit to the righteousness of God?

3. What was the righteousness which was of the law as described by Moses?

4. What must one do to be saved, according to verses 9 and 10?

5. Please give other verses which show what it means to "call upon the name of the Lord" as stated in verse 13.

6. What must precede this calling, according to verses 14 and 15?

7. Could the Jews reply that they did not believe because they had not heard?

8. To whom does the foolish nation refer in verse 19?

9. What proof does Paul offer to show that God truly cared about His people?


QUESTIONS: 1. It wasn't according to knowledge; 2. They were ignorant of God's righteousness and went about establishing their own; 3. Perfect obedience - Lev. 18:5; Gal. 3:10,12; 4. Believe in his heart that God raised Jesus from the dead and confess with the mouth the Lord Jesus; 5. Not just lip service - Matt. 7:21; it includes obedience - Acts 22:16; when one obeys in baptism, he calls on the name of the Lord for forgiveness - 1 Pet. 3:21; 6. Be sent; preacher; hear; believe; call; 7. No - He uses the words of Psalm 19:4; also, Col. 1:23; 8. Gentiles; 9. He quotes Isaiah who said, "All day long..." - Rom. 10:21.

LESSON EIGHTEEN - Romans 11:1-21

1. What point is Paul teaching from the example of Elijah in verses 2-5?

2. If the election is of grace (as to the source of it), can it be of works?

3. From verse 11, what resulted through the fall of Israel?

4. In verse 17, who are the branches that were broken off and who are those that were grafted in?

5. Why were the Jews rejected, and upon what condition could the Gentiles remain in God's favor?


1_____Foreknew (vs. 2)

2_____Intercession against (vs. 2)

3_____Reserved (vs. 4)

4_____Baal (vs. 4)

5_____Remnant (vs. 5)

6_____Blinded (vs. 7)

7_____Slumber (vs. 8)

8_____Recompense (vs. 9)

9_____Jealousy (vs. 11)

10____Fulness (vs. 12)

11____Office (vs. 13)

12____Casting away (vs. 15)

13____Reconciling (vs. 15)

14____Grafted (vs.17,19,24)

15____Fear (vs. 20)

a. Dread, fright, terror. It means having a wholesome dread of displeasing God and being frightened of His righteous retribution against sinners; hence, it means profound reverence and awe toward God.

b. This refers to Paul's apostleship. He was a ambassador and messenger of God.

c. Expressive of not merely foreseeing a thing, but it implies in this verse a previous purpose and plan; in other words, God has not completely cast off those whom He had before purposed or designed to be His people.

d. The process of inserting a scion or young plant into a plant or tree.

e. That which fills up or completes; here it stands opposed to their rejection and refers to their complete restoration to the favor of God­their recovery from unbelief and apostasy.

f. To make a petition or intercede on behalf of another. When followed by the preposition "for," it means to intercede or plead for a person, but when followed by the preposition "against," it means to accuse or arraign. Hence, Elijah accused or arraigned the nation of Israel before God.

g. A small part or trace remaining, a small surviving group.

h. Envious; hostile toward a rival or one believed to enjoy an advantage.

i. Restoring to friendship, bringing union and peace to contending parties. Many of the Gentiles (the world) had been accepted as result of the casting off of the Jews; in other words, by the Jew's unbelief, the way had been opened to preach the gospel to the Gentiles.

j. This refers to the rejection of the Israelite nation as the peculiar people of God because of their unbelief.

k. Stupor, to nod or fall asleep; signifies the dulling of the spiritual senses.

l. Appropriately rendered to them. David was saying, "Let their comforts and enjoyments be the occasion of their ruin" and Paul uses it to show that their rejection of Christ and their blind devotion to the law would cause their ruin.

m. This means that they were hardened, obstinate, insensible. It does not say anything about the manner by which it was done.

n. This was the name of an idol of the Canaanites; it was represented under the image of a bull or calf.

o. This means literally, "To leave behind, leave remaining." It is translated "left" in the ASV.


QUESTIONS: 1. Elijah was wrong when he thought there were none faithful in Israel; 2. No - It refers to the origin or source of the election; 3. Salvation is come to the Gentiles; because of the Jew's unbelief, the way was opened to preach the gospel to the Gentiles; 4. Branches (Jews); grafted in (Gentiles); 5. Because of unbelief - By faith.

MATCHING: 1. c; 2. f; 3. o; 4. n; 5. g; 6. m; 7. k; 8. l; 9. h; 10. e; 11. b; 12. j; 13. i; 14. d; 15. a.

LESSON NINETEEN - Romans 11:22-12:2

1. What does verse 22 reveal regarding the nature of God?

2. What illustration does Paul use to show that God is willing and able to accept the Jews now?

3. What is the "mystery" mentioned in verse 25?

4. How shall all Israel be saved? (Vs. 26) Does this teach that all the Jews will be saved sometime in the future?

5. Which verse shows that God does not have a change of mind regarding His gifts and calling?

6. How should the Christian present his body to God?


1_____Severity (vs. 22)

2_____Mystery (vs. 25)

3_____Conceits (vs. 25)

4_____Sion (vs. 26)

5_____Deliverer (vs. 26)

6_____Ungodliness (vs. 26)

7_____Without Repentance (vs. 29)

8_____Concluded them all (vs. 32)

9_____Depth (vs. 33)

10____Unsearchable (vs. 33)

11____Judgments (vs. 33)

12____Counselor (vs. 34)

13____Recompensed (vs. 35)

14____Reasonable (vs. 1)

15____Not conformed to this world (vs. 2)

16____Transformed (vs. 2)

17____Renewing (vs. 2)

18____Prove (vs. 2)

a. The quality or state of being impious, irreligious, sinful, wicked.

b. The quality or state of being strict or stern in judgment, restraint or punishment. It does not mean harshness or cruelty.

c. Deep, vast, incomprehensible, unfathomable; that which words cannot express or that which we cannot understand.

d. Something which was once hidden or unknown, but is now revealed; this word is not used in the New Testament to refer to something which cannot be understood.

e. One who advises or gives advice.

f. Repaid as a matter of debt, a giving back in return, requital.

g. Excessive appreciation of one's own worth or virtue.

h. This word in context refers to God's decisions, arrangements, plans. Sometimes it refers to His laws, and sometimes to His inflictions of justice. Its meaning is determined by the context.

i. Redeemer, Isaiah 59:20-21.

j. The hill in Jerusalem on which the temple was built; the term came to be used also of the people of God.

k. Committed them all; shut them all up together. This was used of those who were shut up in prison or to those who were shut up in a city by a besieging army. God had shut them up in unbelief, declared all to be sinners, so that he could free them in His own way and time.

l. That which cannot be investigated or understood.

m. To test, try, find out, ascertain. The renewing of the mind is necessary and essential to find out or ascertain the will of God.

n. Pertaining to the reasoning faculty, rational intelligence. It is a service which has to do with the mind or with the spiritual, not the physical or external.

o. Irrevocable, without change of mind or purpose. This word in the Greek is different from the word which refers to a change from sin.

p. Making new; the changing into new views and feelings. The transformation from the world is made by a changed and renewed mind; the mind must be changed to bring it about.

q. Do not put on the form, fashion, or appearance of those of the world. It refers to their habits, thoughts, type of dress, style of living, etc.

r. This word means to put on another form, fashion, or appearance; it means to have a changed form.


QUESTIONS: 1. God is both good and severe; 2. The natural branches could be grafted in; 3. The Gentiles were having opportunity to receive salvation because of the fall of the Jews; 4. See Bible Class notes on verse 26; 5. Verse 29; 6. As a living sacrifice.

MATCHING: 1. b; 2. d; 3. g; 4. j; 5. i; 6. a; 7. o; 8. k; 9. c; 10. l; 11. h; 12. e; 13. f; 14. n; 15. q; 16. r; 17. p; 18. m.

LESSON TWENTY - Romans 12:3-21

1. Make a list of the gifts mentioned in verses 6-8 and state whether or not they are ordinary gifts or spiritual gifts.

2. How should Christians feel toward one another?

3. What is our duty with regard to "business" or "diligence"?

4. What is our duty toward saints in need?

5. Which verses in this section show that we should not do to others as they do to us?

6. What attitude should we have toward our enemies?

MATCHING (Match the phrase or verse on the left to its parallel verses on the right)

1_____Rejoicing in hope (vs. 12)

2_____Patient in tribulation (vs. 12)

3_____Continuing instant in prayer (vs. 12)

4_____Distributing to the necessity of saints (vs. 13)

5_____Given to hospitality (vs. 13)

6_____Verse 14

7_____Verse 15

8_____Be of the same mind one toward another (vs. 16)

9_____Mind not high things (vs. 16)

10____Be not wise in your own conceits (vs. 16)

11____Recompense to no man evil for evil (vs. 17)

12____Provide things honest in the sight of all men (vs. 17)

13____Verse 18

14____Vengeance is mine (vs. 19)

15____Verse 20

16____Be subject to the higher powers (13:1)

a. 1 Pet. 4:9; Heb. 13:2

b. Prov. 25:21-22

c. Rom. 5:2; Phil. 4:4; 1 Thess. 5:16

d. Rom. 15:5; Phil. 2:2; 1 Cor. 1:10

e. Heb. 10:36; James 1:4; 5:7

f. Titus 3:1; 1 Pet. 2:13-15

g. Rom. 14:19; Heb. 12:14

h. 2 Cor. 8:21

i. Luke 18:1; 1 Thess. 5:17; Eph. 6:18

j. Heb. 10:30; Lev. 19:18

k. Psalm 131:1; Jer. 45:5

l. Heb. 6:10; 13:16; 1 John 3:17

m. Prov. 3:7; 26:12; Isa. 5:21

n. 1 Pet. 3:9; 1 Cor. 4:12; 1 Pet. 2:23

o. Matt. 5:44-48; James 3:10

p. 1 Cor. 12:26; Phil. 2:18


QUESTIONS: 1. Prophecy; ministry; teaching; exhortation; giving; ruling; showing mercy - only "prophecy" required a spiritual gift; 2. Verse 10; 3. Verse 11; 4. Verse 13 - It means to help them in their needs - Acts 20:35; Matt. 10:42; 5. Verses 14,17,19-21; 6. Summed up in "love."

MATCHING: 1. c; 2.e; 3. i; 4. l; 5. a; 6. o; 7. p; 8. d; 9. k; 10. m; 11. n; 12. h; 13. g; 14. j; 15. b; 16. f.


1. What are the "higher powers" to which Christians should be subject?

2. What are the consequences of resisting the powers?

3. In what way is the ruler a minister of God?

4. What two reasons are given for the Christian's submission to the powers that be?

5. Explain the expression, "Owe no man anything" (verse 8). Does it mean that one cannot borrow money or buy on installments?

6. What commandment comprehends all others?

7. Now is the time for all to do what? Why?

8. If the Christian walks "honestly, as in the day," what six practices must be avoided?


1_____Revenger (vs. 4)

2_____Wrath (vs. 5)

3_____Conscience (vs. 5)

4_____Tribute (vs. 6)

5_____Dues (vs. 7)

6_____Custom (vs. 7)

7_____Comprehended (vs. 9)

8_____Worketh no ill (vs. 10)

9_____Rioting (vs. 13)

10____Drunkenness (vs. 13)

11____Chambering (vs. 13)

12____Wantonness (vs. 13)

13____Strife (vs. 13)

14____Envying (vs. 13)

a. Contention, wrangling, fussing and fighting with words.

b. This means to pay what may be necessary to support the government; pay taxes.

c. This refers to the drinking of intoxicating beverages and includes the wicked conduct that normally follows.

d. This word in the Greek means that which is collected on merchandise either imported or exported. In Palestine the Herods of Galilee received it; in Judea it was paid to the Procurator for the Roman government.

e. Lewd, immodest behavior; unchaste conduct with the opposite sex.

f. One who avenges for wrong done; here it speaks of the rulers who act as agents of the Lord to execute wrath upon evil doers.

g. Those things which properly belong to others.

h. This is one of the reasons or motives for being submissive to government authorities. It is because of the penalty the government would inflict for failure to be in subjection; in other words, we need to be subject so that his just anger will not be executed upon us.

i. Jealousy; painful or resentful awareness of an advantage enjoyed by another joined with a desire to possess the same advantage.

j. It is never harsh or evil, does not cause suffering or distress.

k. This is one of the reasons or motives we should be submissive to government authorities. It is in order to have a clear and pure heart before God. God demands it and in order to be right before Him, we must do it.

l. Unrestrained reveling; noise, uproar, or disturbance made by revelers; public violence, tumult or disorder.

m. It is summed up in this, or it is included in this.

n. Lasciviousness, unbridled lust, licentiousness; it includes everything tending to promote or fulfill fleshly lusts.


QUESTIONS: 1. Governmental authorities; 2. "Receive to themselves damnation" - Verse 2; "A revenger to execute wrath upon him who does evil" - Verse 4; 4. Verse 5; 5. No - If one makes an agreement to pay so much, he owes when he fails in his payments; 6. Verse 10; 7. Verse 11; 8. Verse 13.

MATCHING: 1. f; 2. h; 3. k; 4. b; 5. g; 6. d; 7. m; 8. j; 9. l; 10. c; 11. e; 12. n; 13. a; 14. i.


1. In verses 1-4, what are the strong forbidden to do with regard to those who are weak?

2. From verse 5, what should every man strive to do with regard to matters of personal conviction?

3. Does verse 6 show that God accepts the brother who regards (observes) special days?

4. In what way do verses 7-9 add to the thought Paul is presenting?

5. What reason does Paul give in verse 10 for not judging a brother in these matters of personal conviction?

6. What should no man put in his brother's way?

7. With regard to verse 15, how could the eating of meat by the strong destroy the weak?

8. Can something that is pure to one be evil to another?

9. What course must be pursued when in doubt as to whether a thing is right or wrong?


QUESTIONS: 1. Receive the one who is weak - not for disputes - not to despise; 2. Be fully persuaded in his own mind; 3. Yes; 4. We are directly responsible to the Lord; 5. Christ is the judge; 6. A stumblingblock or an occasion to fall; 7. It influences him to go against his conscience - It could force him from fellowship; 8. Yes - in going against his conscience, he sins; 9. The safe course.

LESSON TWENTY-THREE - Romans 15:1-21

1. What is the responsibility of the strong toward the weak, and who is set forth as an example regarding it?

2. What does verse 4 teach with regard to the Old Testament?

3. Why should Christians seek to be of one mind and one mouth?

4. Jesus was a minister for what?

5. What should the Gentiles do because of the mercy that has been shown them?

6. Which verse is a request that Paul is making to God for them?

7. Of what was Paul persuaded regarding the Christians at Rome?

8. What grace is Paul referring to in verse 15?


QUESTIONS: 1. The strong should bear the infirmities of the weak - Christ; 2. The things written in the O.T. produce patience, provide comfort, and bring hope; 3. It brings glory to God the Father and Jesus Christ; 4. Verse 8; 5. Verse 9; 6. Verse 13; Verse 14; 7. That which made him an apostle as shown in verses 15 and 16.

LESSON TWENTY-FOUR - Romans 15:22-16:4

1. If "word" in verse 18 refers to Paul's preaching, what does "deed" refer to in the same verse?

2. It was Paul's aim to preach in what kind of places?

3. Why had Paul not already been in Rome?

4. Was the contribution of Macedonia and Achaia for all needy or just needy saints?

5. What reason is given for the Gentile Christians helping the poor saints in Jerusalem?

6. Paul beseeched them to pray for what things in his behalf?

7. How does Paul describe Phebe?

8. Where else in the New Testament do we read about Priscilla and Aquila?


QUESTIONS: 1. His signs and wonders - as in verse 19; 2. Where Christ had never been named - Verse 20; 3. He had been hindered - Verse 22; 4. Needy saints - Verses 25-26; 5. Verse 27 - Since the Gentiles had been partakers of the Jew's spiritual things, it was their duty to minister to them in carnal things; 6. Four things are listed in verses 32-32; 7. Our sister, a servant of the church in Cenchrea, a helper of many and of Paul; 8. Acts 18:2-3,18,24-26; 1 Cor. 16:19.

LESSON TWENTY-FIVE - Romans 16:5-27

1. Verse 5 shows that early churches sometimes met in brethren's homes. List some other places where brethren met for worship.

2. Does verse seven imply that Andronicus and Junia were apostles?

3. What is a holy kiss (verse 16)?

4. Does the expression "the churches of Christ," (verse 16) teach anything about the organization of the early church? If so, what?

5. Whom should brethren mark and turn away from?

6. How widely known was the obedience of the saints in Rome?

7. In what sense was Tertius the writer of this letter to the Romans (verse 22)?

8. For what purpose was the mystery of the gospel made known to all nations?


QUESTIONS: 1. Acts 19:9; 20:8; James 2:2 - the word "assembly" in James 2:2 is the word "synagogue" in the original Greek; 2. No. It means they were recognized and honored by the twelve apostles; 3. Literally: "an affectionate touch" - holy, without hypocrisy; 4. It is speaking of churches in different locations; 5. Verses 17; 6. Verse 19: 1:8; 7. Paul's scribe for accuracy; 8. "For the obedience of faith."


1. Which verses in the book best show the theme of the Roman letter?

2. What does Paul endeavor to show in 1:18-3:20

3. What do verses 3:21-26 reveal regarding God's eternal plan?

4. How was Abraham justified "without works" (Rom. 4:2-6) according to Paul, and "by works" according to James (James 2:21-24)?

5. Please carefully consider the following chart which summarizes the first four chapters:

A. Paul has shown that the gospel is God's power to save (Rom. 1:16-17), all have sinned and fall short of God's glory (Rom. 3:9,23).

B. It is impossible to be justified by law (meaning law apart from Christ, 3:20).

C. It is impossible to be saved by works (meaning works alone apart from Christ, 4:2-8).

D. Abraham's faith was accounted to him for righteousness (4:3, 20-22).

E. What the Scriptures said about Abraham was not said for him alone. We, too, can be justified by faith (4:23-25).

1. Even though we do not serve God perfectly, God will take our faith into account.

2. We need to do our best, and then cast ourselves on the mercy and grace of God.

6. What seems to be the purpose of chapters 9 through 11?

7. What is the purpose of chapters 12 through 15?

8. Which verses at the close of the book form a marvelous conclusion to the Roman epistle?


QUESTIONS: 1. Rom. 1:16-17; 2. All have sinned and fall short of the glory of God; 3. God devised a plan (the gospel system) whereby His divine justice is maintained (His hate and condemnation of sin) and the sinner can be justified. It is the death of Christ. Christ died in the sinner's stead. Thus, God remains just (the penalty for sin is paid) and the sinner is justified (when he has faith in Jesus); 4. Paul is showing that Abraham was not justified by "works alone" (e.g., when one depends on his works by themselves) and James is showing that Abraham was not justified by "faith alone"; 5. No. 5 gives a summary chart; 6. The vindication of God's choices; 7. It is the exhortation part of the book - It shows the effect the gospel should have in the lives of all who accept it; 8. Rom. 16:25-27