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Print Version 1 Corinthianns 11 – The Lord’s Supper
Sermon notes for Sunday, November 28, 2010
Notes written by Brian Andrews

Base outline from: http://www.bibleanswer.com/1co11_17.htm

1                   INTRODUCTION

[1]                1 Corinthians 11 can be described (in my opinion as) a “solid food” passage (Hebrews 5:12-13)

[a]                Starts with a passage that the interpretation of has split many churches – the covering

[b]               Moves onto a topic that has split many more churches – the Lord’s Supper

[c]                Interestingly a topic, if not the topic, of chapter 11 is divisions and its effects on worship (specifically the Lord’s Supper)

[2]                The problems of the church in Corinth serve as important lessons for us
(1 Corinthians 4:17;7:17)

[a]                What actions & attitudes to avoid & to have (1 Corinthians 11:17-34)

[b]               Godly attitudes & conduct in their assemblies were in shambles

[c]                The Holy Spirit directs stern rebuke and correction of their sin

2                   Read:  1 Corinthians 11:17-34

[1]                Our coming together is to participate in and accomplish spiritual service to God

[2]                Our coming together, like theirs, must be:

[a]                11:17 – "For the better" (spiritual benefit of the saints)

[b]               11:18 – Absent of division among us

[c]                11:20 – To eat the Lord’s Supper

[d]               11:33 – Considerate of each other & our mutual worship needs

[e]               11:34 – Such that we do not fall under divine judgment

[3]                The Assembly of the Saints (the Local Church) comes together for:

[a]                Edification – 1 Corinthians 14:23,26

[b]               Worship – Acts 20:7

[i]                 Lord’s Supper (Acts 20:7, I Corinthians 11:20)

[ii]               Prayer (Acts 20:7ff)

[iii]             Singing (Ephesians 5:19)

[iv]              Giving (1 Corinthians 16:2)

[v]                Preaching (Acts 20:7ff)

2.1              Focus on two problems are discussed in I Corinthians 11:17-34

[1]                "First Of All": Division among them due to unloving attitudes (class distinctions) (1 Corinthians 11:18,21)

[a]                 1 Corinthians 11:18:  Class division into rich & poor – James 2:1-6

[i]                 1 Corinthians 11:20 – they were "in one place", yet division existed!

[ii]               1 Corinthians 11:21-22 – division was revealing itself through acts of selfish indulgence by the rich & their contemptuous treatment of each other (rich disregarded the poor, & the poor despised the rich!)

[iii]             1 Corinthians 11:19 – bad attitudes will be seen in bad actions!

[b]               Instead of enjoying and learning from their differences they were making divisions based on them

[2]                 Second: Perversion of the Lord’s Supper – 1 Corinthians 11:20-21.

[a]                The Lord’s Supper had lost its significance due to their divisive, selfish attitudes and practice

[b]               1 Corinthians 11:20: At that point, it was not possible (ASV) for them to eat the Lord’s Supper, ESV says it is not the Lord’s Supper they partake in

[i]                 Was it then a “Love Feast”? I think no…

[ii]               Confused the feasts of idol worship so many of the church had come out of with the Lord’s Supper (1 Corinthians 8,10)

[c]                Paul eliminates the very suggestion that their assembly was for the purpose of satisfying hunger (1 Corinthians 11:22)!

[d]               With this command given and obeyed, he would now teach the saints how to properly partake of the Lord’s Supper (1 Corinthians 11:23-32)

2.2              Properly partaking of the Lord’s Supper – 1 Corinthians 11:23-32.

NOTE                               Lord’s Supper is not a supper which satisfies hunger, but one which satisfies a remembrance of our Lord’s death. Suppers which satisfy hunger were to be eaten "at home" – not "when you come together" – 1 Corinthians 11:20-22.

[1]                The eating which occurs when we "come together" was instituted by the Lord – 1 Corinthians 11:23-26 (Matthew 26:26-28)

[a]                Note the eating we are commanded to do "when we come together"

[b]               A memorial (remembrance of Me), proclamation (1 Corinthians 11:26)

[c]                A communion with the body & blood of Christ (1 Corinthians 10:16-17)

[2]                The obligations of those who eat the Lord’s Supper – 1 Corinthians 11:27-32

[a]                Eat in an "unworthy manner" … guilty of His body & blood – Hebrews 10:26-31 (1 Corinthians 11:27)

[b]               Examine yourself & eat in a worthy manner (1 Corinthians 11:28-29)

[i]                 Examine and eat not examine and pass the tray by

[ii]               Which sin is worse?

[3]                Examine (G1881 - dokimazo) (1 Corinthians 11:28):

[a]                to test, to scrutinize & thus approve oneself (heart) with the purpose of eating & drinking Lord’s Supper in a worthy manner

[b]               (conclusion on examination drawn later)

[4]                The worthy manner:

[a]                In remembrance & proclamation (1 Corinthians 11:24-26)

[b]               1 Corinthians 11:29:

[i]                 NKJV: For he who eats and drinks in an unworthy manner eats and drinks judgment to himself, not discerning the Lord’s body.

[ii]               NASB: For he who eats and drinks, eats and drinks judgment to himself if he doesnot judge the body rightly.

[iii]             ESV: For anyone who eats and drinks without discerning the body eats and drinks judgment on himself.

[iv]              HCSB: For whoever eats and drinks without recognizing the body, eats and drinks judgment on himself.

[c]                1 Corinthians 11:31:

[i]                 ESV: But if we judged ourselves truly, we would not be judged.

[ii]               NIV: But if we were more discerning with regard to ourselves, we would not come under such judgment.

[iii]             HCSB: If we were properly evaluating ourselves, we would not be judged,

[d]               G1252: diakrino - "to separate, make a distinction, discriminate, to prefer" (1 Corinthians 11:31)

[e]               The “Body” (note KJV and NKJV insert the word “Lords”)

[i]                 Not "the church" – see immediate context of "body" (v. 24, 26, 27, 28, 29). (Remembering Christ, not the church!)

[ii]               Not yourself (Remembering Christ, not the yourself!)

[iii]             It means to discern the proper nature and design of the Lord’s Supper

[iv]              What is the purpose of the Lord’s Supper? – “in remembrance of me” and “proclaiming the Lord’s death”

[v]                Was Christ’s life about physical needs (e.g. food)?

[vi]              Was Christ’s life about causing division amongst God’s people?

[5]                1 Corinthians 11:30-32 – Spiritual weakness, sickness and death result from not properly partaking of the Lord’s Supper (thus the need to examine self and discern the body of Christ!):

[a]                Virtually all commentators say this is physical, not spiritual sickness and death.  Reject this explanation because:

[i]                 God’s judgment (1 Corinthians 11:29) against sin is not physical weakness, sickness or death – Job; John 9:2-3

[ii]               The result of partaking of the Lord’s Supper in an unworthy manner is not defined physically (weakness, sickness or death) but spiritually (guilty of His body and blood – 1 Corinthians 11:27) The context demands it!

[iii]             Due to his sin, the Christian who partakes of the Lord’s Supper unworthily is "judged" to be spiritually weak, sick or dead! – 1 Corinthians 11:31 [To avoid such judgment....partake worthily – 1 Corinthians 11:27-28!] Again the context demands it!

[iv]              If "weak" and "sick" are physical, so is "sleep!"; therefore, slumber is God’s chastisement against sin!! – 1 Corinthians 11:32

[6]                1 Corinthians 11:31 – To avoid spiritual weakness, sickness and death – Habitually judge (examine) ourselves (our attitudes toward our brethren & our conduct in eating the Lord’s Supper).

[7]                Examine yourself to see if you are proclaiming the Lord’s death (1 Corinthians 11:26) and partaking in a worthy manner of remembrance of the Lord

[8]                1 Corinthians 11:32 – When we are judged (krino: determined, decreed) to be spiritually weak, sick or dead, the Lord disciplines us so that we will not be condemned (katakrino: worthy of condemnation) with the world.

[a]                2 Timothy 3:16-17 – His word of truth will expose our spiritual illness/death

[b]               Church discipline is proper for the spiritually weak, sick or dead
(1 Corinthians 5:4-5)

[i]                 What admonish the weak? They will fall away (or will they?)

[ii]               So the parent of the 30 year who lives in the parents’ basement playing video games 40 hours a week would have you believe

2.3              1 Corinthians 11:33-34 – Solutions for factious, fleshly emphasis during the Lord’s Supper

[1]                1 Corinthians 11:33: First cease every divisive attitude and action and practice brotherly love – Romans 12:9-10

[a]                The division of the church into social classes had to stop! "Tarry (wait) for one another". When we eat the Lord’s Supper, we are to be careful to help each other properly partake, not neglect or otherwise ignore each other (cf. 1 Corinthians 11:20-21).

[2]                1 Corinthians 11:22,34: Second cease eating meals when you "come together"

[a]                "Eat" in 1 Corinthians 11:33 is the Lord’s Supper: Paul does not command in 1 Corinthians 11:33 what he forbade in 1 Corinthians 11:22!

[b]               Separate physical eating and assembled worship

[c]                 To "come together" as the church to eat a common meal is to bring condemnation upon us!

3                   Conclusion

[1]                Resolve to 1 Corinthians 11:26,28!

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